Ancient Welsh Forest Uncovered by Storms

The mother country is having a rough time recently. However, there at least have been a couple of interesting finds from the incessant rain and storms. The 850,000 year old footprints were pretty amazing, being the oldest human record outside of Africa.

Now however, the Welsh Dragon has something to be proud of. An ancient forest, part of a mystical lost world (sorta) has been uncovered.

The best part? They built a walkway 4,000 year's ago to deal with the rising sea level. That really captured my imagination for some reason.

This us just awesome: RAF Helps with flood relief

The mother country is mostly underwater at this point. The storms and flooding continue and my aunt is still getting to the supermarket in a boat.

Some relief is coming, at least in terms of assessing and allocating resources, thanks to the unbeaten RAF.

Gigabit Coming. In a long long time.

What happens when you have an entrenched competitor with ties to local government and powerful lobbying groups? They use their leverage to make sure that newer better competition can't access the market.

The issue here is of course not capitalism, but the mishmash of a free market and government control and regulation which also caused the housing crises (thank you, Democrats - protectors of the people's right to buy a house with terrible credit and no income).

And now - from the WSJ:

Why Super-Fast Internet Is Coming Super Slowly

The FCC could change this overnight by focusing on what's best for the economy, not just for those it regulates.

Feb. 23, 2014 7:11 p.m. ET
In 1982, rock star Pete Townsend asked Americans to call their cable operators and, "Demand your MTV. I want my MTV!" It's 2014, and two-minute music videos on a cable channel have given way to high-definition movies, concerts and sports streamed live to your TV, computer and phone. So where the heck is my superfast gigabit Internet access? Who do I even call?
We know it's technically feasible. Google GOOG +1.10% Fiber, with speeds up to 100 times faster than the basic broadband provided by your cable or phone company, is already up and running in Kansas City, Mo.; Austin, Texas; and Provo, Utah. And last week, Google announced it's in talks with 34 more cities. Even Chattanooga has gigabit broadband in 56,000 homes and businesses provided by the city-owned electric company, of all things.
Users everywhere rave about gigabit service—Web pages pop onto your screen, videos stream all over the house, maps jump as you move—and this is before any Web company has implemented a specific service that takes advantage of gigabit speeds.
It's economically feasible too. The average access speed in the U.S. is now under 10 megabits per second and costs around $40-$60. Verizon FiOS charges $300 a month for 500 megabit service. Yet Google and others charge just $70 a month for a full gigabit connection, download and upload. VTel in Springfield, Vt., charges $35. Gigabit in Hong Kong was $26 way back in 2011.
So what's America's problem? Why aren't more than a handful of U.S. homes wired for gigabit? Sadly, last week's announcement of Comcast's CMCSA +1.14% $45 billion acquisition of Time Warner CableTWC +0.05% will set back fiber deployment and gigabit homes for a decade. Comcast's competition-limited future will reside in overcharging more than 30 million customers for bundled cable channels and a growing Internet access business that tops out at maybe 20 megabits per second. It's almost as if they are saying, "You want fiber? Eat some Raisin Bran."
Almost half of Time Warner Cable revenues (and my guess is far more than half their profits) are from Internet access and digital voice. There's not much cable competition. Today, 30% of U.S. homes have either none or one provider of six megabits per second or better Internet access. Another 37% have only two providers, probably a cable company and a phone company duopoly who refuse to compete on price or speed. So cash flow goes toward paying down debt rather than upgrading your home.
Beyond cable, the big telecom carriers aren't going to add fiber either. Verizon had huge plans to wire up 18 million homes with fiber. That's over. Verizon Chairman and CEOLowell McAdam said at an investors' conference in December that "going in and digging up yards and deploying fiber in a lot of new markets isn't in the cards." AT&T -0.64%pushes its U-Verse service, a hybrid of new fiber and copper phone lines already in the ground, which can never handle more than tens of megabits per second service. No one wants to dig.
So how does Google dig up streets and climb poles and run fiber directly to homes? Simple, they ask for and get concessions from cities—the most important being right-of-way easements and expedited permits and inspections. Kansas City was more than happy to oblige. In September 2012, Federal Communications Commissioner Ajit Pai said, "it is critically important that states and local communities adopt broadband-friendly policies when it comes to rights-of-way management."
Well, not so fast. Last month a bill was introduced in the Kansas legislature, pushed by the Kansas Cable Telecommunications Association and presumably Time Warner Cable, to outlaw cities from selling cable and Internet services or even partnering with private service providers. Meanwhile, AT&T is slowing Google Fiber deployment in Austin by denying access to its utility poles. The incumbents' strategy seems to be kill the demon seed in its crib.
Gigabit is in demand. Many cities, like Louisville, Ky., have invited Google Fiber but been turned down. Google didn't like the terms. Even Mountain View, Calif., home of the Googleplex, reportedly declined to make the necessary concessions. Remember, most municipalities collect a kickback in the form of cable franchise fees (up to 5% of revenues) in exchange for the right of way. Hard to give that up. Citizens be damned.
The FCC can change this overnight. Instead of allowing municipalities to dictate onerous terms and laws that lock in (slow) incumbents, the FCC can mandate right-of-way rules similar to those granted Google Fiber to all credible competitors. If only the federal regulator would promote progress and focus on what's best for the U.S. economy rather than for those it regulates.
It's doubtful the Obama FCC will take up the challenge. Instead, last week it said it will introduce new rules to stop Internet providers from charging different prices for different content, like movies and TV shows on Netflix NFLX +3.32% or Hulu. A U.S. appeals court in January threw out the FCC's previous "network neutrality" rules as unconstitutional. Great, now a new set of convoluted net-neutrality rules that will limit incentives to run fiber.
New rules aren't the solution. With real competition, you get net-neutrality for free. If one operator in your town makes Netflix pay to guarantee its movies stream smoothly, as Comcast announced Sunday it will begin doing, that opens up a market for the next operator to do it for less, or free.
So where is the next generation of broadband? Call your congressman. Tell him, in your best Pete Townsend voice, "I want my Gigabit Home!"
Mr. Kessler, a former hedge-fund manager, is the author, most recently, of "Eat People" (Portfolio, 2011).

Finally, We Support Nukes

The bridge between fossil fuels and fusion power should be and should always have been fission power.

Wind and solar are idiotic distractions which have significant environmental impacts of their own and power generation costs which are far from competitive (5x higher on average, in an industry where 10% efficiency gains would otherwise be a huge deal).

The US government has thankfully approved loans to get a couple new reactors off the ground. Might be the only intelligent loan this administration has ever approved.

US to back nuclear power with $6.5 billion in loan guarantees

The Keystone XL Pipeline: Don't Shoot the Messenger

Know the old saying "don't shoot the messenger?"

It's where the poor guy in funny looking tights and a hat which your daughter would be embarrassed to wear to a tea party with Mr. Teddy has to go up to the king with a roll of parchment. If it's good news, tights and hat guy lives, bad news? He dies, unless he can deliver the bad news in a funny way.. (Tight Tights)

So what about this here Canadien pipeline? (You have to say that with a French accent, the word "pipeline" has at least nine syllables).

The reality is simple: the oil is going to be produced. What we are arguing over is how it's going to be delivered, and where it will be delivered.

Activists and most of the executive branch are against the pipeline. Instead, they prefer we us rail cars and boats to China (the other option, and less environmentally friendly in and of itself). This means more of this heavy crude refined in emissions unregulated China, and much higher overall well-to-wheels emissions.

The atmosphere is one big carbon sink, so it honestly matters not a penny where you combust the oil, it has the same impact on the atmosphere high above your favorite gentrified neighborhood with the hip bars serving IPA. Gross. The IPA I mean: it's really gross.

So what's really happening is that environmental groups are fighting like mad to stop the most environmentally friendly way of delivering and using the oil.


If what they were all fighting for would have some environmental benefit, maybe I could see it. But they are trying to use the pipeline as a fight against tar sands, and it just isn't. Canada will be producing the tar sands whatever Cambridge, MA and Palo Alto, CA (and thus, our representative President) believe.

So.. If democrats and environmentalists win, they will successfully harm the environment. If republicans and industry groups win, they'll be helping the environment.

This is a funny one folks, and yet sadly I feel I'm the only one who gets the joke.

TMS Wood Stove Review

Widely available on eBay and Amazon for about $80, these little wood stoves are an intriguing purchase.

For the good of all, I bought one.

It takes about 5 minutes to set up. The paint burns badly the first couple times, so set it up outside. But after that?

Flaming perfection. Fiery fantastic. Combustion champion. Inferno interesting. Conflagration commencing.

It's damn good. No, it's not as good as a real wood stove. But you can put it in your fireplace and have a wood stove in 10 minutes for $80.

This successfully transforms your fireplace from a gathering point for dust and dead spiders to something you might actually use.

If you have a house, buy one. If you don't have a house, buy one and go live in Nebraska. Life's better in Nebraska.

Spanish Navy Threatens Gibraltar

A Spanish warship entered the waters of Gibraltar, using a fake call sign and signals. It was a love calculated to threaten the British and bring into doubt their sovereignty over the island.

Sadly for the Spanish, no one board realized they were 301 years too late.

Fuck You UAW

This blog is no friend to the UAW. Never has been. Likely never will be.

The reality is that while the management of the American car companies has made mistakes, the UAW has been so consistently inept as to be a joke.

After successfully killing off two of the three host bodies the union was sucking the life out of, their big new target were the successful foreign owned factories in the South. Enraged by the concept of employees getting paid $27/hr + benefits and infuriated by the idea that employees could be fired or promoted based on their ability (what kind of screwed up world are we living in anyway?) the UAW went on the attack. They got the German labor union (which would obviously rather see more VW's built in Germany that the US) to strong-arm the VW management into supporting something which was clearly bad for the company. They got all kinds of special benefits and put a huge amount of money in the vote.

Any they lost.


Fuck You.


No really.

Go away.

We don't need you anymore.

You are a tick. A parasite.

You provide nothing of value.

You create nothing.

You are an anachronism.

You are a disease.

Fuck Off

Volkswagen's Union Defeat

Workers prove to be smarter than their bosses in Tennessee.

Feb. 16, 2014 9:53 a.m. ET
The decision by workers at the Volkswagen VOW3.XE +0.12% plant in Chattanooga, Tennessee to reject the United Auto Workers is the best news so far this year for the American economy. Even with Volkswagen management on its side, the union that combined with CEOs to nearly ruin U.S. car makers couldn't persuade a majority voting in a secret ballot to let it become their agent to bargain with the foreign-owned company.
This wasn't merely one more failed union organizing attempt. The UAW and its chief Bob King spent years working toward this vote as part of its strategy to organize plants in the American South, and all the stars were aligned in its favor.
Mr. King colluded with IG Metall, Volkswagen's German union, to neutralize Volkswagen management. It pitched the collaborative vision of a labor-management "works council" at the plant that makes the VW Passat, and it claimed to have learned its lesson from the confrontation and strikes that hurt Detroit's auto makers. Volkswagen management gave the union the run of the plant to lobby workers while denying similar privileges to union opponents.
So it's nothing short of remarkable that the union couldn't make the sale. The failure reflects how well the plant's workers are doing without a union, to the tune of $27 an hour including benefits. The defeat also speaks to the harm the UAW has done to itself by driving GM and Chrysler to bankruptcy and pushing companies like Caterpillar to move new production from union plants.
Workers assemble Volkswagen Passat sedans at the German automaker's plant in Chattanooga, Tenn. in June 2013. Associated Press
These columns have long argued that a company organized by a union usually deserves what it gets, but most workers understand that the modern union offer is often a Faustian bargain. The UAW may be able to negotiate a near-term increase in pay and job security for current workers. But the price—in addition to the steep coerced dues—is usually a less competitive company that means less security and fewer jobs in the long run. The best proof is the UAW itself: It has lost 75% of its members in 35 years as its demands and work rules made their employers less competitive.
That long run might have come soon for Volkswagen's Chattanooga workers. They know the company may decide as early as this month where to build a new SUV for the American market, and the Tennessee plant is competing with Mexico for the job. Mexico already benefits from a low-tariff, free-trade pact with the European Union that the U.S. is only now negotiating, and a UAW victory would have been an additional incentive to go south of the Rio Grande.
The union is blaming Tennessee politicians for raising this possibility, especially Republican Senator Bob Corker, a former mayor of Chattanooga who helped bring Volkswagen to the city and who said last week that he felt "assured" (he didn't say by whom) that the Tennessee plant would get the second production line if it rejected the union. The company disavowed that claim, but the union may use it as an excuse for defeat and to file an unfair labor practice complaint under the Wagner Act with the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB).
This isn't likely to fly on the merits. Mr. Corker may have been impolitic. But he didn't give up his right to free speech when he joined the Senate, and every public action by Volkswagen had favored the union. State legislators had said they might withhold future tax incentives if the UAW organized the plant, and Tennessee had reason to believe that a UAW success would hurt its ability to recruit other companies that would fear the union precedent.
Don't believe those who say this means the end of the UAW. It has too many friends in high political places, as the 2009 auto bailouts proved. Federal law is also stacked in favor of unions, and President Obama's NLRB is routinely stretching and breaking the law to make it even more so.
But the fact that unions must rely on brute government force shows how out of touch they are with modern economic reality. American manufacturing is making a modest comeback with the help of rising labor costs in China and the American energy revolution. But it could stage an even bigger revival without the threat that unions could once again make American production uncompetitive. The last thing the U.S. economy needs is to import European labor practices. In Chattanooga, and not for the first time, the workers are smarter than management.

Using Cheese to Melt Ice...

This is pretty funny.. the Wisconsin quote is by far the best part..

With icy roads across US, methods besides salt being used

U.S. - 
From cheese brine to molasses, transportation officials across the country have utilized available additives to help melt icy roads this winter.
Copyright 2014 Reuters
With the typical salt used to de-ice roadways ineffective below 16 degrees Fahrenheit, transportation officials have adopted additives that can keep salt working at temperatures as low as -25 degrees Fahrenheit while weighing the financial cost and environmental impact of those additives.
"It's all about availability… States are using whatever they can find that works, especially in low temperatures."TONY DORSEY, AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF STATE HIGHWAY AND TRANSPORTATION OFFICIALS SPOKESMAN
New York and Pennsylvania have been testing sugar beet juice, created during the sugar refining process, as an additive in a de-icing mixture. Carbohydrates in the beet juice can prevent ice from sticking to roads.

Milwaukee, WI

In Dec. 2012, Milwaukee began a pilot program in which cheese brine is dumped on the city's roads to help melt ice and snow. The brine is a waste product created when making cheese and city officials hope the free additive can replace the 70-cents-a-gallon liquid calcium chloride currently used.
"You want to use provolone or mozzarella. Those have the best salt content. You have to do practically nothing to it."JEFFREY TEWS, MILWAUKEE PUBLIC WORKS DEPT.
A maximum of eight gallons of cheese brine may be mixed with each ton of salt. Wisconsin produced 2.7 billion pounds of cheese in 2012. Milwaukee's 2013 pilot program cost about $6,500. The city spent $6.5 million combating snow and ice on the roads in 2012.
A cocktail of 80% cheese brine and 20% beet juice helps keep salt from scattering and cuts the amount of salt used by 30%, reducing damage to cars, roads and plants. New York state officials plan to use 100,000 gallons of the brine-beet concoction on 570 miles of roadways during winter 2013-14.
"We've kind of spiced up our operation a little bit."AL OLSON, PUBLIC WORKS ADMINISTRATOR FOR ANKENY, IOWA
Officials in Ankeny, a suburb of Des Moines, were given nine tons of garlic salt by a local spice company to mix with the town's supply. Salt prices nationwide have climbed to $60-$120 a ton, up from $30-$50 a ton a year ago.
Ohio's Hamilton County uses nontoxic ash from coal power plants to stretch its salt supply. Washington state has turned to mixing molasses with saltwater, creating a gooey mixture that can keep roadways clear for up to four days. The state has used it in 11 counties this winter, up from one a year ago.

Santa's Revenge? Warm Arctic, Cold Us

Pretty interesting article.. basically looks like it could consistently get funky here in the winters, all thanks to the warming going on in the true north.

As the Northerners say... winter is coming.. But really, because of global warming in this case..

CHICAGO—The US is freezing.The UK is flooding. Alaska and Scandinavia are unusually warm. And, most remarkably, all of that has been going on for roughly the entire winter. It's not just unusual weather; it's consistently unusual.

A few years back, researchers suggested that strange weather in the temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere might be a consequence of changes taking place in the Arctic. Now, with a few years of additional data, some researchers are arguing that we have detected clear signs that Arctic warming is driving our weird weather.

We sat down with Rutgers University's Jennifer Francis at the American Association for the Advancement of Science to find out what's new.

Why the polar vortex is your friend

When the first big chill hit the US' East Coast, media sources were quick to blame it on a polar vortex. But the use of that term is a bit confusing; typically, a strong polar vortex keeps cold air bottled up in the Arctic, rather than letting it spill across the US.

So, what is the polar vortex? Typically in the winter, as the Arctic stops seeing the sun, the atmosphere above it cools down dramatically, creating a large temperature gradient between it and the warmer air to the south. This temperature gradient sets up a pressure gradient, which drives strong winds: the jet stream. As the jet stream circles the Arctic, it forms the polar vortex, which traps the cold air in the Arctic.

What the US saw was a weakening of this polar vortex. As the jet stream winds weaken, they become more prone to wandering much farther south. And, as they do, the cold air follows them. Thus, it wasn't that a polar vortex moved south over the US; instead, an arm of the vortex extended south over the central and eastern parts of the country. And the jet stream's winds have had consequences on either side of the cold portion. Winter storms have been blocked from reaching California, while warm, wet air has been drawn north over the UK and Scandinavia.

This sort of meandering polar vortex has happened in the past, so deep polar chills are a feature of many people's memories. But the new research suggests changes in the Arctic have made odd behaviors both more frequent and more persistent when they do occur.

Vanishing ice and wandering winds

Although much of the globe has become warmer over the last century, the warming has been strongest in the Arctic. And that warming was underscored by the dramatic collapse of sea ice that occurred in 2007. As Dr. Francis explained, the collapse of the sea ice is part of a process that's amplifying the underlying warming trend.

One aspect of the amplification is the loss of the ice itself, which leaves dark ocean water exposed, leading to an increased absorption of sunlight. A similar thing happens on land, where the snow cover is vanishing earlier each spring. The rate of change in snow cover is even larger than that of ice loss—"and that's saying something," Francis told Ars, "because the sea ice is going fast."

Finally, the warmer land and ocean are putting more water vapor into the atmosphere, forming more clouds. Clouds normally have a mixed effect, both insulating the underlying Earth and reflecting some of the incoming sunlight back into space. But, in the Arctic, there is no sunlight for several months, and the Earth is often covered with snow and ice. As a result, the clouds have a larger insulating effect. The condensation of water vapor into clouds also releases heat.

Collectively, these phenomena contribute to what's called the Arctic amplification: the Arctic is warming much faster than the mid-latitudes south of it. And that, Frances has argued, can lead to more extreme weather in these mid-latitudes.

Southerly extremes

The reason for this is that the site of the jet stream—the border of the polar vortex—is set by a sharp boundary between cold Arctic air and the more moderate temperatures of the mid-latitudes. As the Arctic warms, that boundary becomes diffuse, and the jet stream is less likely to be pinned at the edge of the Arctic. Francis made the analogy of a river rushing directly down a steep slope—that's the situation you have when the contrast between the Arctic and mid-latitude temperatures is sharp. When it's much more gradual, the jet stream can meander, much like a river running down a broad, flat valley.

And, as it meanders, its force is weaker; rather than driving the mid-latitude weather, it begins to be pushed around by it—and even gets locked in place. And that's what we seem to be seeing this winter, where the Northern Hemisphere's weather patterns have largely held steady since mid-December. And, at the same time, the Arctic sea ice has failed to regrow to its normal extent for this time of year and is near a record low.

What Francis has done is simply trace out the location of the jet stream. If you take pressure measurements from across the Northern Hemisphere and treat it like a topographical map, the jet stream should track a specific contour line. By measuring this track, you can generate a measure of its "loopiness"—how often it meanders far to the south. It's a simple measure and not everybody's convinced by it, but it suggests that the predictions of jet stream changes are coming to pass—and with them, longer, more extreme winter weather events.

Although not all scientists are convinced, Francis said "nobody's coming out with contrary evidence yet." Beyond that, all she can really do is wait: "it's a matter of time and waiting for the real world to have a few more years of data."

So, as far as Francis' proposal is concerned, the Northern Hemisphere is behaving exactly as predicted. "We can't say that it's directly linked," she said, "but it's the kind of situation we'd expect to see more often." Attribution studies—the ones that link specific weather events to specific aspects of climate change—take lots of time and computing power. "I'd bet that someone does attribution," Francis said, but so far, there hasn't been time.

It's also extremely difficult to determine whether the link between the Arctic Amplification and jet stream meanders is causal. Radical changes in Arctic sea ice only occurred in 2007, so there's only been seven years of data; not enough for a significant trend to rise above the statistical noise. Complicating matters further, while the frequency of large dips in the jet stream may increase, the location of these dips will remain random. While the US is now shivering because of a dip, in the spring of 2012, a similar dip located farther west caused record high temperatures.

You can also study it using climate models—like Francis' research group is—by removing a lot of the sea ice and determining if similar behavior occurs. But this only captures one aspect of the Arctic Amplification, and so it wouldn't be expected to produce the same behavior.

Santa's revenge

In the meantime, those of us stuck with the consequences of the meandering jet stream aren't necessarily feeling so patient. And Francis is sympathetic; "I think this is all bad news," she told Ars. If anything good comes out of it, however, she suggests that it might be a greater recognition that climate change is not only real, but already making its presence felt.

Generally, Francis told Ars, people are thinking of climate change's impacts as being gradual and destined to be felt in the distant future. But the persistent weather of this winter is hard to ignore. "People are noticing that 'oh my God, this has been going on forever,'" Francis said.

And that may make them more likely to accept some things that climate researchers have been saying for a while. "This weird weather has gotten people realizing that climate change won't be some gradual warming," Francis told Ars. "It's happening already and in destructive ways."

Poaching Becoming Part Of Organized Crime

This is sad, serious, and very bad news.

Turns out that in their search for easy profits, organized crime gangs are increasingly turning to poaching and smuggling exotic animals. The risks are low, the profits are high, and the penalties are minuscule.

This article mainly caught my attention:

With a couple of very critical pieces of information:
Rhino poaching chart
Yeah - that's not good

But also this - which is just ridiculous:
"Thousands of rhinos, elephants, tigers and others have been slaughtered, becoming part of an illegal market that's worth an estimated $19bn a year.

Many criminals see it as low risk, high profit, says Mr Stewart.

"There is a lower risk of apprehension, it's unfortunate but law enforcement has not invested the resources in attacking wildlife crime as it has in other crimes," he explains.

"Even in courts the penalties are much lower. Just last year in Ireland, we saw two people arrested for smuggling rhino horns worth half a million euros. They received a 500-euro fine.""

500 Euro??? WTF?? Honestly - kind of like killing/beating dogs, I really think these should be treated with similar fines and penalties to the same kind of behavior against humans. 

I wonder - it is a situation where an extra-judicial answer such as Sea Shepherds to whaling may be the best answer. The issue of course is that unlike the Japanese who can arm up with non-lethal weaponry, these gangs would simple respond with AK-47's, which are in fact the most common gun used to hunt elephants and other big game. 

In the meantime, can we please increase the fines for this? Fining a poacher less than the cost of his plane ticket seems absolutely ridiculous. 

Ivory destruction

States running out of lethal injection drugs

Honestly, this seems pretty unconstitutional to me - though the Supreme Court has upheld it.

States are running out of lethal injection drugs because the major drug companies refuse to produce and sell them. So they are turning to unregulated "compounding pharmacies" and passing laws to hide the entire process from the public. If you have to pass laws to hide what you are doing...

Should we really be doing this anyway?
The reality is simple that the death penalty is generally speaking outdated. Though there are people in the world who deserve it (or much, much worse) - it's use in our judicial system is really a difficult issue. The majority of those put to death are in the South, and a lot of those can be argued to have some kind of racial bias built in.

So what are states doing? Some regulators have brought up the concept of using the firing squad - which as Utah will tell you is a terrible idea. And no - we don't need it. We have thousands of murders a year in the US and have executed 1,362 people since 1976. Did we execute the 1,362 worst people in the last 50 years? Absolutely not. A number were innocent and many more were no worse or better than the 100,000 other murderers in that time.

What should we do? We can't safely put people do death with drugs because no one will make them. Other methods are generally seen as either spectacles, barbaric, or overly expensive. The killings themselves are questionable at best due to our less than perfect judicial system (23 appeals or no). Perhaps it's a good time to re-evaluate what we are doing?

Let's have a real discussion around the PRACTICAL sense of whether this makes any sense at all. To me, it doesn't, whether or not you believe there are those out there who deserve death.